Australian One Pound Banknotes
|Gold mining at Bendigo
The design on Australian one pound (£1) notes issued between 1913 and 1923 features a vignette of underground gold mining at Bendigo.
|Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay
The painting featured on the reverse of the note is a reproduction of an Emanuel Phillips Fox painting from 1902 titled ‘Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay, 1770’. In 1901 Phillips Fox was commissioned by the Trustees of the National Gallery of Victoria to paint a historical picture of Cook’s landing at Botany Bay with funds from the Gilbee bequest. Phillips Fox traveled to England in 1902 to finish the painting. The painting is the result of this commission.
A distinctive feature of currency notes designed in the 1930’s was the use of artwork by Frank Manley based on bas-relief panels originally designed by artist Paul Raphael Montford. These panels represented various sectors of the Australian economic life :
A mural celebrating the produce of Australia’s Primary Industry surrounding a central motif of Aboriginal artifacts appears on the back.